While our nation’s top mobile carriers are already investing a lot on 5G and all electronic companies trying to make products related to 5G, so what exactly this 5G is? How advance is it compared to 4G? What would be its future in India? Let’s dive into the post and know the complete details about it.
5G is the 5th generation of Mobile Networks. 5G is the advanced version of today’s 4G LTE version. It is designed to reduce latency, increase speed and connectivity. This is also used to bridge the gap between significant growth in data and connectivity of today’s modern society, the internet of things with billions of connected devices, and tomorrow’s innovations. 5G will operate in conjunction with existing 4G networks before evolving to fully standalone networks in subsequent releases and coverage expansions.
The most important feature of the 5G network is low latency. Latency means the time taken by the devices to respond to each other over a wireless network. 3G networks had a latency of 100 milliseconds, while 4G networks had a latency of 30milliseconds, and 5G will have latency as low as 1millisecond.
While earlier generations of cellular technology (such as 4G LTE) focused on ensuring connectivity, 5G takes connectivity to the next level by delivering connected experiences from the cloud to clients. 5G networks are virtualized and software-driven, and they exploit cloud technologies.
The 5G network will also simplify mobility, with seamless open roaming capabilities between cellular and Wi-Fi access. Mobile users can stay connected as they move between outdoor wireless connections and wireless networks inside buildings without user intervention or the need for users to re-authenticate.
EVOLUTION AND WORKING:
5G is evolved from 1G which is the first generation of Mobile Networks that were analog cellular later on it evolved to 2G which was a digital cellular such as CDMA, GSM, and TDMA. Later on, these evolved to 3G networks which had EVDO, HSPA, and UMTS technologies being used to increase the data transmission speeds. Now we have 4G technologies such as WiMAX and LTE which are scaling up to 100 megabits per second.
5G is capable of new aspects to the above such as bigger channels, lower latency, and the ability to connect more devices at a time. We can even say like 5G requires a 4G network and coverage because there may or may not be new technologies for 5G.
This technology will introduce advances throughout network architecture. 5G New Radio, the global standard for a more capable 5G wireless air interface, will cover spectrums not used in 4G. New antennas will incorporate a technology known as massive MIMO (multiple input, multiple output), which enables multiple transmitters and receivers to transfer more data at the same time. But 5G technology is not limited to the new radio spectrum. It is designed to support a converged, heterogeneous network combining licensed and unlicensed wireless technologies. This will add bandwidth available for users.
5G architectures will be software-defined platforms, in which networking functionality is managed through software rather than hardware. Advancements in virtualization, cloud-based technologies, and IT and business process automation enable 5G architecture to be agile and flexible and to provide anytime, anywhere user access. 5G networks can create software-defined subnetwork constructs known as network slices. These slices enable network administrators to dictate network functionality based on users and devices.
5G also enhances digital experiences through machine-learning (ML)-enabled automation. Demand for response times within fractions of a second (such as those for self-driving cars) requires 5G networks to enlist automation with ML and, eventually, deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI). Automated provisioning and proactive management of traffic and services will reduce infrastructure costs and enhance the connected experience.
ADVANTAGES AND FUTURE:
This technology has many advantages because of its capability to solve the problem of connectivity and speed. Some important are
- High resolution and bi-directional large bandwidth shaping.
- Technology to gather all networks on one platform.
- It will be more effective and efficient.
- 5G Technology to facilitate subscriber supervision tools for quick action.
- Most likely, will provide huge broadcasting data (in Gigabit), which will support more than 60,000 connections.
- Easily manageable with the previous generations.
- Technological sound to support heterogeneous services (including private networks).
- Possible to provide uniform, uninterrupted, and consistent connectivity across the world.
- Visualizing the universe, galaxies, and planets will be possible.
- Possible to locate and search for the missing person.
- Possible, natural disasters including tsunami, earthquakes, etc. can be detected faster.
Coming to the future of 5G, majorly it has an impact on IoT devices (Internet of Things) because 5G has the best connectivity. So all the devices can be connected and mMTC ( Massive Machine Type Communication) devices increase (Please check that it is not written wrong). For detailed information about IoT devices please check this post.
Some important technologies are
Autonomous or self-driving cars are the future where cars drive themselves without manual intervention. For this, it required high internet speed so that every compute system can work without any lag.
IoT devices in Traffic Management
Smart IoT technology is used to control vehicle congestion and route emergency vehicle and that can be achieved by 5G.
IoT devices in Industrial Automation
The key benefits of 5G in the industrial automation space are wireless flexibility, reduced costs, and the viability of applications that are not possible with current wireless technology.
Industrial automation is in use today, and most likely you have seen videos showing synchronized robotics at work in factories and supply chain applications.
Today these applications require cables, as Wi-Fi does not provide the range, mobility, and quality of service required for industrial control, and the latency of today’s cellular technology is too high. With 5G, industrial automation applications can cut the cord and go fully wireless, enabling more efficient smart factories.
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality
This section is a wider one where everything can be changed by a 5G network. From Gaming to Creative visualization, business to an industry they both have a greater role in advancements.
Wearables and Mobiles
Already this sector has a high scope of development and with the introduction of 5G, there are leveraging opportunities. Wearables, trackers, and sensors will be a big market for the Massive IoT aspect of 5G. Consider when all of your gadgets, appliances, and machines you are interacting with on a daily basis are directly connected over a cellular connection, in addition to phones, tablets, and laptops that are already connected today.
5G will enable far more devices to operate seamlessly (without perceived delays, dropped signals, and so on) in any given area.
All the above industries would gain a lot after 5G is implemented in India. So now coming to Mobiles, as of now there are very few mobiles which are capable of 5G. Maybe in the near future, we can find more devices. So the devices which are capable of 5G in India are
Please find the complete list of mobiles which are 5G capable in India.
Since 5G is the upcoming future there would be many developments in every field using this technology. Hopefully, this shouldn’t bring any disadvantages or harm to Nature nor to us because of its advanced features. Let me know your thoughts on this.